Mountains are the providers of essential ecosystem services and serve as a water tower to the billions of people. At the same time, Mountains are adversely impacted by the climate change which has threatened the well-functioning of mountain ecosystem as well as the livelihoods of the mountain people.
Considering the negligible priority from global community and UNFCCC negations process, Nepal has initiated mainstreaming the mountain issues as global agenda for UNFCCC's 15th conference of the party (CoP15) with announcement of forming a global platform of mountain countries. In this regard, the Government of Nepal organized an International Conference of Mountain Countries on Climate Change on 5-6 April, 2012 in Kathmandu with the aim of building consensus among the mountainous countries, exchange views and form a common platform of the Mountain Countries. The conference was successful to endorse the Kathmandu Call for Action(KCA) to carry forward the Mountain Initiatives. Furthermore, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment has established the Mountain Initiatives Unit to function as the secretariat of the Initiatives.
The Initiative will advocate for better attention and action in order to reduce the risk and build resilient mountain communities, while maintaining the vital mountain-based ecosystem services for the welfare of the billions of people living downstream. For this, as a conjoint ownership of the mountain countries, the Ministry is in the process of formulating a global work program based on KCA to lead the Mountain Initiatives in future endeavor.